Motorcycle road racing is a sport that involves racing with motorcycles on specifically built tarmac tracks, or suitable public roads.
The most popular competition in all of motorcycle road racing is The MotoGP World Championship. Races are divided into three different classes based on engine capacity.
- MotoGP - The highest level of competition where 1000cc bikes are allowed to compete.
- Moto2 - The second tier of competition where 500cc bikes are used for races.
- Moto3 - The third tier race, where 250cc bikes are used.
A racing season consists of several races in tracks around the world. The layout of the course differs for each track. Races are conducted for two days, where on the first day riders qualify for starting position on the grid, and the actual race is held on the next day. Each race involves a fixed number of laps around the track, where the rider to cross the finish line first is the winner. Riders are awarded points based on the finish position in each race. The rider with the most points at the end of the season is the winner of the championship.
The major competitions conducted on closed public roads are the International Road Racing Championship, and the Duke Road Racing Rankings series.
- Motorcycle Speedway — the motorcycles have one gear and no brakes, and race around a circular track. Also commonly known as just 'speedway'.
- Motorcycle Sidecar Racing — rider and a passenger compete in custom-built vehicles.