Floor hockey is a term used to refer a collection of indoor hockey sports that were derived from various hockey codes. Five common variations of the sport exists, of which three are based on ice hockey, and two are based on bandy or field hockey.
All variations of floor hockey is played on wooden surfaces similar to that of basketball courts. Different types of skates and sticks, and a ball or a puck, are used for different variations. For all variations of the sport, the objective of remains the same, teams have to move the ball or puck towards the opponent's goal and score as many goals as possible within the match duration.
Though variations of floor hockey differ in the number of players per team and the duration of matches, there are some basic rules that are common for all variations, which are :
- Face-off are used to at the start of each period and to resume play after each goal is scored.
- Overtime play and penalty shootouts are used to decide a winner, if the game is tied at the end of regulation time.
- Major infractions result in the offending player waiting out for two minutes, and minor infractions result in a free hit.
Floor Hockey Sports
- Floorball — a type of floor hockey sport played indoors, popular in Nordic countries
- Roller Hockey — includes Rink Hockey (also called Quad Hockey) and Inline Hockey.
- Street Hockey — a team sport that was derived from ice hockey, though it is played on an asphalt or cement surface instead of ice, and players usually just wear shoes. It has variations called dek hockey, ball hockey, and roller hockey
- Ball Hockey — a variation of Ice Hockey, a lot like Street Hockey, in which the game is played on foot on a non-ice surface, and a ball is used instead of a hockey puck.
- Indoor Field Hockey — an indoor team sport that was derived from field hockey
- Unicycle Hockey — a team sport, similar to roller or inline hockey, though all competitors are riding a unicycle and using a tennis ball and ice-hockey sticks.
- Cosom Hockey
- Gym Ringette