Sport fishing is a water sport in which anglers compete among themselves to catch a variety of different target fishes. The sport originated out of recreational fishing.
The equipment used for the sport are, rods, reels, lines, hooks and baits. Most competitions are conducted in deep waters, so a fishing boat is required.
Two major classifications of the sport exist based on the type of water: fresh water fishing and salt water fishing. The most popular salt water fishes targeted are marlin, tuna, and Chinook. And the most popular fresh water fishes targeted are: snook, salmon, bass and catfish. Several sport fishing competitions are conducted based on the specific kind of fish targeted, like bass finishing tournaments, or salmon fishing tournaments.
Sport fishing competitions can be contested individually or in teams. In competitions, points are awarded for each fish caught. The points awarded for each catch varies based on the weight of the fish, and their species. Some competitions also factor in the strength of the fishing line used to calculate scores, which results in teams using thinner and weaker lines ending up with more points for an identical catch. The team that score the most number of points is declared as the winner.
- Casting — fishing without fish, the objective is to test the accuracy and distance of a cast.
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