Athletes with physical or mental disability play Paralympic football which is the adaptation of association football. It follows the modification of rules set by International Federation of Association Football. Paralympic football has two common versions i.e. 5-a-side-football and 7-a-side football.
5-a-side football (blind football)
More commonly known as blind football, 5-a-side football is for athletes with a visual impairment as well as blindness. It is played with modified FIFA rules. There are five players in each team including the goal keeper. The field of play is comparatively smaller than the traditional game and is surrounded by boards so the ball remains in play. There are no throw-ins and no offside rule.
Teams utilize a guide positioned off the field of play who can help in directing players, as well as the coach and goalkeeper which are not visually impaired. Being blind, the athletes need a ball with a noise making device so that it can be located due to its sound. The duration is two halves of 25 minutes with a ten minute break half time.
The classification of these players depends on their level of visual impairment. B1 is for those who are totally blind. B2 is for partially blind athletes. B3 is for partially sighted.
7-a-side football is for athletes with cerebral palsy as well as any other neurological disorder such as stroke or some traumatic brain injury. The Cerebral Palsy International Sports and Recreation Association governs this sport. This sport is also played with modified FIFA rules. There is a smaller field of play and there are less players as well along with no offside rule. One handed throw-ins are allowed.
The duration of the match is two halves of thirty minutes each and a fifteen minute half time break in between. The players are given classification based on their level of disability. C5 is for those athletes that have difficulty in walking and running.C6 is for those with upper limb coordination problems. C7 is for those with hemiplegia. C8 is for minimally disabled athletes.
- Association Football (Soccer)
- Powerchair Football — indoor football for people in wheelchairs.
- Sitting Volleyball — a version of volleyball for disabled athletes played while sitting (also known as Paralympic Volleyball).
- About football (general)
- Football Decoder — what is called football around the world?
- 5-a-side Football and 7-a-side Football at the Paralympics.
- Sports for the Disabled
- about the Paralympics
- Complete list of sports
- The Encyclopedia of Sports