Futsal is a contact sport and a five-a-side variant of association football. It is played on a smaller field which is usually indoors. The term futsal comes from the Portuguese 'futebol de salao' which means hall football.
The sport was developed in Brazil and Uruguay between the 1930’s and the 1940’s. The game is played by two teams with five players each. The team roster can have a maximum of 12 members. Substitutions are unlimited. The game has two halves with 20 actual minutes or of 30 non actual minutes. There is a 15-minute break between the two periods. A coin toss decides who will start the match.
A kick-off is a signal that the game must start; it can also be used after a goal had been scored. Unlike football, futsal has no offside rules. The attackers can go closer to the goal unlike the traditional football.
There are many benefits of playing Futsal over regular soccer, including:
- games are usually played on weekdays freeing up your weekends
- you only need five players including the goalkeeper to start a team, so you can easily put together a team with your friends or workmates
- games are played indoors - rain, hail or shine. And you won't get muddy.
- the seasons are shorter and more frequent, you can usually play any time of the year
- It is a very physically demanding sport so it is a great way to get and keep fit
- Association Football — the world's most popular sport, played between two teams of eleven players with a spherical ball, on a rectangular field with a goal at each end.
- Indoor Soccer — an indoor version of Association Football developed in North America
- Jorkyball — a type of indoor soccer on a small rectangular filed surrounded by glass walls
- 5-a-side Football — each team fields five players a smaller pitch, smaller goals, and a reduced game duration.