Sports Nutrition for Olympic Athletes

The diet of the modern day Olympic athlete differs greatly from that of the past (see athlete diets at previous Olympics and at the Ancient Olympics). The current Olympic Games athletes are very aware of the food they eat. They will be aiming to get every advantage they can, and will seek advice of a sports dietitian to ensure they maximize their performance. The dietitian will not only make sure they eat the right food before competition, but also during exercise if at all possible, and after competition to aid recovery.

Athletes in different sports approach their diets differently. Power sport athletes may take creatine and protein to increase muscle size and explosiveness. Endurance sport athletes may take caffeine and load up with carbohydrate prior to exercise to maximize their endurance. During exercise, most competitors will drink plenty of fluids, and consume additional products such as sports drinks, gels and energy bars to boost their performance. If they take supplements, they have to ensure that they do not inadvertently include any illegal substances.

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