List of Winter Olympic Sports
This page is about the Winter Olympics. Go here for the list of summer Olympic Games sports.
Current Winter Olympic Sports (2014)
The 15 sports of the Winter Olympics are categorized into three main categories: (1) ice sports, (2) alpine, skiing and snowboarding events, and (3) Nordic events. In each of these sports categories there are more specific events as listed.
- Bobsled (Two-man, Two woman and Four-man)
- Ice Hockey
- Figure Skating (Men's singles, Ladies' singles, Pairs, Team and Ice Dancing)
- Speed Skating
- Short Track Speed Skating (500m, 1,000m, 1,500 m and Relays)
Alpine, Skiing and Snowboarding Events
- Alpine Skiing (Downhill, Super G, Giant slalom, Slalom, Super Combined)
- Freestyle Skiing (Aerials, Moguls, Ski Cross, Ski halfpipe and Ski slopestyle)
- Snowboarding (Parallel Giant Slalom, Halfpipe and Snowboard Cross and Slopestyle)
- Biathlon (combining cross-country skiing and target shooting: individual, sprint, pursuit, mass start & relay events)
- Cross-Country Skiing (individual and team sprint, freestyle, pursuit, classical and relays)
- Ski Jumping
- Nordic Combined (ski jumping and cross country skiing)
Discontinued Sports and Events
Here are just some of the sports or events that were once part of the Winter Olympics.
- Military patrol (a precursor to the biathlon) was a medal sport in 1924. It was also a demonstration sport in 1928, 1936 and 1948.
- In figure skating, an event called Men's special figures was on the program only once in 1908.
The following sports have been part of the Winter Olympic program as a demonstration sport at some stage.
- Skijöring (skiing behind horses): 1928.
- Winter Pentathlon (X-country & downhill skiing/pistol/fencing/horse riding) 1948
- Dog Sled Racing: 1932
- Curling: 1932 & 1988
- Ice stock sport (a German variant to curling): 1936 & 1964.
- Military Patrol: (Led to Biathlon in 1960) 1928,1936,1948
- Bandy: (Soccer on ice) 1952
- Short track speed skating started as a demonstration sport in 1988, before becoming a full sport from 1992 onwards.
- Speed skiing: 1992
- Disabled events in alpine (1984 and 1988) and Nordic skiing (1988 only)
- Synchronized skating: 2002
- Snowshoeing: 2002
- Freestyle Skiing - Aerials (1988), Moguls (1988, 1992) and Ski Ballet (1988, 1992)
There are always a number of sports or events that are lobbying to be included on the Winter Olympic Games program. Such sports include: Team alpine skiing, Ski mountaineering, Ski-orienteering, Winter triathlon (involving running, mountain biking and cross-country skiing all on snow), and Bandy.
Other Winter Sports Trivia
- There are four Winter Olympic Games Sports that are held indoors: Speed skating, figure skating, curling, and ice hockey.
- Two sports have mixed events (in which males and females compete together): figure staking and luge. Only one sport is for males only: Nordic Combined. More about women at the Winter Olympics.
- Cross-country skiing, figure skating, ice hockey, nordic combined, ski jumping, and speed skating have been competed at every Winter Olympics since 1924.
- There were reports of Bandy being added to the sports program in 2014, but the IOC rejected their submission. Instead, Sochi will host the 2014 Bandy World Championships during the Olympics.
- What is your favorite Winter Olympics sport? Take the poll.
- Women and Winter Olympic Sports
- Winter Sports Clipart
- Discontinued Summer Olympic Sports