All-Time Olympic Games Medal Tally (Summer Olympics)

Here are the top ranked countries in terms of total medals won when all of the summer Games are considered (not including 2012). The results are compared with simply the total medals, and also the total medals per Olympiad. As per tradition, the ranking order is based first on the number of gold medals, then silver and bronze. A team victory is counted as one medal.

The USA Has Won the Most Medals

The US have clearly won the most gold medals and the most medals overall, more than doubling the next ranked country. Second placed USSR had fewer appearances at the Olympics, and actually won more medals on average (see the 2nd table). The top 10 includes two countries no longer in existence (the Soviet Union and East Germany), so their medal totals will obviously not increase, though China is expected to continue a rapid rise up the ranks. These figures do not include medals won in London 2012.

rank Country no. of Games gold silver bronze total
1 United States * 25 929 729 638 2,296
2 Soviet Union ** 10 440 357 325 1,122
3 Germany # * 22 247 284 320 851
4 Great Britain * 26 207 255 253 715
5 France * 26 191 212 233 636
6 Italy 25 190 157 174 521
7 Sweden * 25 142 160 173 475
8 Hungary 24 159 141 159 459
9 Australia * ~ 24 131 137 164 432
10 East Germany # 5 153 129 127 409
11 China 8 163 117 105 385
12 Japan 20 123 112 126 361

The USSR were the most successful on average

It seems unfair to rank countries on total medals won when some countries have appeared at the Olympic Games many more times. The following list averages the medals won per Olympiad, so the success of countries can be compared more directly. Based on this calculation, the former Soviet Union was most successful country with 112 medals per appearance compared to the US with 92 medals per appearance. The ranking in this table is based on the average gold medals per Olympiad, though whether using total golds or total all medals, the top 7 would be the same.

rank Country no. of Games gold silver bronze total medals gold medals per Olympiad total medals per Olympiad
1 Soviet Union ** 10 440 357 325 1,122 44 112
2 United States * 25 929 729 638 2,296 37 92
3 East Germany # 5 153 129 127 409 31 82
4 Russia ^ 4 108 97 110 315 27 79
5 China + 8 163 117 105 385 20 48
6 Germany * # 22 247 284 320 851 11 39
7 Great Britain* 26 207 255 253 715 8 28
8 Italy 25 191 157 174 522 8 21
9 France* 26 191 212 234 637 7 25
10 Ukraine  4 28 22 46 96 7 24
11 Hungary  24 159 141 159 459 7 19
12 Japan  20 123 112 125 360 6 18

Table Notes:

* this list does not include medals won as part of mixed teams with athletes from other nations (US, Germany, Great Britain, France, Sweden, Australia: 1896–1904).
**  Soviet Union includes medals won by the Unified Team in 1992.
^ does not include results of the Russian Empire (1900, 1908, 1912)
# medals from East Germany are considered separately, Germany medals include those won by West Germany.

~ does not include medals won as part of the combined Australasia team (Australia and New Zealand) at the Games in 1908 and 1912.
+ Does not include totals of Chinese Taipei or Hong Kong.

 You can see the medal list of all countries from which this data is extracted.

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