All-Time Olympic Games Medal Tally (Summer Olympics)

Here are the top ranked countries in terms of total medals won when all of the summer Games are considered (including 2012 results). The results are compared with simply the total medals won, and also the total medals per Olympiad. As per tradition, the ranking order is based first on the number of gold medals, then silver and bronze. A team victory is counted as one medal.

The USA Has Won the Most Medals

The US have clearly won the most gold medals and the most medals overall, more than doubling the next ranked country (these figures include medals won in London 2012). Second placed USSR had fewer appearances at the Olympics, and actually won more medals on average (see the 2nd table). The top 10 includes one country no longer in existence (the Soviet Union), so their medal totals will obviously not increase, though China is expected to continue a rapid rise up the ranks. Since the addition of the 2012 data, China has moved up from 11 th to 9th.

The country which has won the most medals without winning a gold is the Phillippines (0 gold, 2 silver, 7 bronze).

rank Team total games gold silver bronze Total
1 United States * 26 976 757 666 2399
2 Soviet Union ** 10 440 357 325 1122
3 Germany # * 23 258 303 334 895
4 Great Britain * 27 236 272 272 780
5 France * 27 202 223 246 671
6 Italy 26 198 166 185 549
7 Sweden * 26 143 164 176 483
8 Hungary 25 167 144 165 476
9 China + 9 201 144 128 473
10 Australia * ~ 25 138 153 177 468

The USSR were the most successful on average

It seems unfair to rank countries on total medals won when some countries have appeared at the Olympic Games many more times. The following list averages the medals won per Olympiad, so the success of countries can be compared more directly. Based on this calculation, the former Soviet Union was most successful country with 112 medals per appearance compared to the US with 92 medals per appearance. The ranking in this table is based on the average total medals per Olympiad, though whether using total golds or total all medals, the list is essentially the same.

rank Country no. of Games gold silver bronze total medals gold medals per Olympiad total medals per Olympiad
1 Soviet Union ** 10 440 357 325 1122 44.0 112.2
2 United States * 26 976 757 666 2399 37.5 92.3
3 East Germany # 5 153 129 127 409 30.6 81.8
4 Russia ^ 5 133 122 142 397 26.6 79.4
5 China + 9 201 144 128 473 22.3 52.6
6 Germany * # 23 258 303 334 895 11.2 38.9
7 Great Britain* 27 236 272 272 780 8.7 28.9
8 France* 27 202 223 246 671 7.5 24.9
9 Ukraine  5 33 27 55 115 6.6 23.0
10 Italy 26 198 166 185 549 7.6 21.1

Table Notes:

* this list does not include medals won as part of mixed teams with athletes from other nations (US, Germany, Great Britain, France, Sweden, Australia: 1896–1904).
**  Soviet Union includes medals won by the Unified Team in 1992.
^ does not include results of the Russian Empire (1900, 1908, 1912)
# medals from East Germany are considered separately, Germany medals include those won by West Germany and the Unified Team of Germany.

~ does not include medals won as part of the combined Australasia team (Australia and New Zealand) at the Games in 1908 and 1912.
+ Does not include totals of Chinese Taipei or Hong Kong.

You can see the medal list of all countries from which this data is extracted.

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