All-Time Olympic Games Medal Tally (Summer Olympics)
Which country is the most successful at he Olympic Games? Here are the top ranked countries in terms of total medals won when all of the summer Games are considered (including the 2016 Rio Games). There are two tables presented, the first just lists the top countries based on the total medals won, the second table factors in how many Olympic Games the country appeared, averaging the total number of medals per Olympiad. A victory in a team sport is counted as one medal.
The USA Has Won the Most Medals
The US have clearly won the most gold medals and the most medals overall, more than doubling the next ranked country (these figures include medals won in Rio 2016). Second placed USSR had fewer appearances at the Olympics, and actually won more medals on average (see the 2nd table). The top 10 includes one country no longer in existence (the Soviet Union), so their medal totals will obviously not increase, however China is expected to continue a rapid rise up the ranks. With the addition of the 2016 data, China has moved up from 11th (in 2008) to 9th (2012) to 7th (2016). The country which has attended the most games without a medal is Monaco (20 Olympic Games), the country which has won the most medals without winning a gold medal is Malaysia (0 gold, 7 silver, 4 bronze).
|2||Soviet Union #||10||440||357||325||1122|
The USSR were the most successful on average
It seems unfair to rank countries on total medals won when some countries have appeared at the Olympic Games many more times. The following list averages the medals won per Olympiad, so the success of countries can be compared more directly. Based on this calculation, the former Soviet Union was most successful country with 112 medals per appearance compared to the US with 93 medals per appearance. The ranking in this table is based on the average total medals per Olympiad, though whether using total golds or total all medals, the list order is essentially the same.
|rank||Country||no. of Games||gold||silver||bronze||total medals||gold medals per Olympiad||total medals per Olympiad|
|1||Soviet Union #||10||440||357||325||1122||44.0||112.2|
# combining the results of USSR and the 1992 Unified Team
* combining the results of Germany, West Germany, and the Unified Team of Germany